PHYS 111 – Introductory Physics – Thompson

photograph of skateboarder doing a kick flip

Read about the physics of skateboarding on the Exploratorium museum’s website.

About this guide

This guide includes tutorials about scientific research and provides students with recommendations for finding and evaluating information on topics related to physics. Use the tabs above to navigate through the pages of the guide.

Your Assignment

Complete your library research lab worksheet and the tutorials included in this guide. Find the news articles here:

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The Scientific Research Process

The scientific research process involves developing questions, testing ideas and hypotheses by gathering and analyzing data, developing more questions, and sharing information with other researchers.

Primary & Secondary Research

Scientists use both primary and secondary research to explore their fields of study. Watch the video below to learn more about primary and secondary research:

Scholarly Conversations

Conducting scientific research, whether as a professional scientist or as a student of science is like having a conversation with other scientists exploring the same topic. Complete the tutorial below to learn more about scholarly conversations:

Types of Scientific Literature

Scientists share information with each other, and with the public, through a variety of different types of sources, from blog posts to scholarly articles. Read the descriptions of different types of scientific literature here.

Peer Review

Many scholarly articles are reviewed by experts before publication. Watch the video below for information on the peer review process, then take the quiz below the video (you will need to enter your name, your professor’s name, and your email address before taking the quiz):

Elements of Scholarly Articles and How to Read Them

Watch the brief video below for an overview of the elements of scholarly research articles:

Background Information

Reference sources are a great place to find scientific terms, definitions, and background information on scientific topics. The following reference database allows you to access reference books online (to access online library resources from off campus, enter your Pipeline username and password when prompted):

  • Credo Reference Contains the full text of over 800 encyclopedias, dictionaries, and other reference books covering all major subject areas.


Search the library catalog for books on your topic. The library’s collection includes both print books and online ebooks. Your search results will include articles as well. Limit to books by choosing the appropriate box from the menu to the left of the results.


Search for articles from periodicals (journals, magazines, and newspapers) by using the library catalog and limiting your results to articles, or by searching a library database, such as one of the following databases (library databases will require you to log in with your Pipeline information from off campus):

  • Academic Search Premier A great starting point for research on any topic. This multi-disciplinary database provides full text for more than 4,600 journals, including full text for nearly 3,900 peer-reviewed titles.
  • JSTOR Contains articles from hundreds of scholarly journals covering a wide range of subjects in the arts, humanities, sciences, and social sciences. Full text articles are available, from the first issue (sometimes going back over 100 years) until five years ago.
  • Science Full Text Select Provides full text for more than 400 journals dating as far back as 1994. Subject coverage includes agriculture & agricultural research, atmospheric science, biochemistry, biology, biotechnology, botany, chemistry, environmental science, geology, marine biology microbiology, physics and much more.


Finding good websites for college research can be challenging and time-consuming. Be sure to evaluate any websites you find, using the strategies mentioned in the “Evaluating Sources” section of this research guide, or the P.R.O.V.E.N. Test for Evaluating Sources:

  • Purpose: The reason the information exists
  • Relevance: The importance of the information for your needs
  • Objectivity: The reasonableness of the information
  • Verifiability: The truthfulness and accuracy of the information
  • Expertise: The source of the information
  • Newness: The timeliness of the information

What Is Authority?

Watch the video below and consider how the authority of a source may depend on the situation:

Evaluating Sources

Complete this tutorial to learn some strategies for evaluating the credibility of sources:

Identifying Fake News and Pseudoscience

Watch the video below to learn how to distinguish between reliable and unreliable sources of information. For more information about fake news, see the Real vs. Fake News research guide.

Beware Filter Bubbles

A filter bubble or echo chamber is the result of website algorithms designed to determine which content you want to see and which you don’t, based on your past behavior and other information about you. Over time, the web content you see represents an increasingly narrow range of information and ideas, and you are exposed to fewer and fewer experiences, ideologies, and perspectives that differ from yours.

For more information about echo chambers and filter bubbles, check out our Fake vs. Real News research guide, or watch this TED Talk by Eli Pariser: