Resources for English Research – General Research
About this Guide
This guide provides students with recommended resources for conducting research on a variety of topics for English Courses. Use the tabs above to navigate through the pages of the guide. For research assignments having to do with works of literature (novels, stories, poems), try using the guide called Resources for English Research – Literary Criticism.
What is “General Research”?
In many English classes you will write a research paper on a topic or issue selected by your teacher, or a topic or issue of your choice. The purpose of your paper may be to inform, to answer a research question about the topic, to test a hypothesis, to make an argument, or to persuade the reader of a particular point of view.
Paper Writing Assistance
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Finding Background Information
Reference books are a good place to begin your research or to find inspiration for an assignment. The print reference books are available in the Luria Library Reference section. The library also subscribes to some online reference sources, listed below.
Print Reference Books
This is a sample of the type of sources we have in the library. Talk with a librarian if you need help finding background information on your particular topic!
- Encyclopedia of Contemporary American Social Issues – R 306.0973 S528e 2011
- Encyclopedia of Human Rights – R 323.4 F735e 2009
- International Encyclopedia of Social and Behavioral Sciences – R 303 I61 2001
- Encyclopedia Latina: History, Culture, and Society in the United States – R 973.0468 S798e
- Encyclopedia of Diasporas: Immigrant and Refugee Cultures Around the World – R 304.8 E53e
- Dictionary of American History – R 973.03 A194d 2003
- Encyclopedia of Politics: The Left and The Right – R 320.03 C283e
Online Reference Books
When you click to access these resources from off campus, you will be prompted to log in with your Pipeline username and password.
Credo Reference: Contains the full text of nearly 600 encyclopedias, dictionaries, bilingual dictionaries, and other reference books.
Gale Virtual Reference Library: Search by keyword to find general information on your topic. This resource also contains entire ebooks about individual authors and their work in the “literature” section.
Search the library catalog (books+) for books on your topic. Some sample searches are provided below. Separate search terms with the word “and.”
climate change and california
abortion and legislation
chicano movement and united states
Use the following databases to find articles from periodicals (magazines, newspapers, and scholarly journals). These resources will require your Pipeline account information when you access them off campus.
- Academic Search Complete: Provides full text for more than 8,500 periodicals (magazines, newspapers, and scholarly journals), including full text for nearly 7,300 peer-reviewed titles, in all subject areas.
For pro/con information on current or controversial issues, try searching one of these databases:
- CQ Researcher: An excellent source of pro/con information, containing single-themed reports on issues in the news. Provides in-depth, unbiased coverage of both sides of controversial issues related to health, social trends, criminal justice, international affairs, education, the environment, technology, and the economy. Each 12,000-word report includes: an introductory overview; background and chronology on the topic; an assessment of the current situation; tables and maps; pro/con statements from representatives of opposing positions; and bibliographies of key sources. Offers access to CQ Researcher reports dating back to 1991.
- Opposing Viewpoints: An excellent source of pro/con information, providing opinions and other information on hundreds of today’s hottest social issues. Includes continuously updated viewpoint articles, topic overviews, full-text magazines, academic journals, news articles, primary source documents, statistics, images, videos, audio files and links to vetted websites.
For newspaper articles, try searching one of these sources:
- US Newsstream (ProQuest): Provides full-text access to current U.S. news content from newspapers, newswires, blogs, and news sites. Archives dating back to the 1980s are also included. Specific titles include: New York Times; Los Angeles Times; Wall Street Journal; Christian Science Monitor; Washington Post; and USA Today, as well as hundreds of local and regional newspapers.
- Newspaper Source Plus: Provides cover-to-cover full text for 35 national and international newspapers. The database also contains selective full text for more than 375 regional (U.S.) newspapers. In addition, full text television and radio news transcripts are also provided.
See the Luria Library’s database descriptions page for a full list of library databases.
Figuring out whether the information you find online is credible enough for college research can be challenging. Use the P.R.O.V.E.N. Source Evaluation Questions to help you determine whether the sources you find are credible:
- Purpose: How and why the source was created. Is it intended to educate, inform, persuade, sell, or entertain? Do the authors, publishers, or sponsors state this purpose, or try to disguise it? Why was this information published in this particular type of source (book, article, website, blog, etc.)? Is the source designed for the general public, students, or experts?
- Relevance: The value of the source for your needs. Does the type of source meet your assignment’s requirements? Does the information answer your question, support your argument, or add something to your knowledge of the topic? Is it too general or too specific? Is it too basic or too advanced?
- Objectivity: The reasonableness and completeness of the information. Do the authors present the information thoroughly and professionally? Is it fact or opinion? Is it biased? Do the authors use strong, emotional, manipulative, or offensive language? Do they leave out, or make fun of, important facts or alternative perspectives?
- Verifiability: The accuracy and truthfulness of the information. Do the authors support the information they present with strong factual evidence? Do they cite or provide links to other sources? What do experts say about the topic? Can you verify the information in other credible sources? Does the source contradict itself, include false statements, or misrepresent other sources?
- Expertise: The authority of the creators of the source. What makes the authors, publishers, or sponsors of the source authorities on the topic? Do they have related education, experience, or other expertise? Do they provide an important alternative perspective? Has the source been reviewed in some way, such as by an editor or through peer review?
- Newness: The age of the information. Is your topic in an area that requires current information (such as science, technology, or current events), or could information found in older sources still be useful? When was the information presented in the source first published or posted? Are newer sources available that would add important information to your understanding of the topic?
For more help locating reliable information online, see the Finding Credible Web Sources research guide.
How to Cite
MLA citation style is most typically used when writing papers in the liberal arts or humanities. Double check with your professor about which citation style is required for your assignments.
The following resources will help you construct MLA citations: